[文献目录] 对强奸的哲学讨论

To be rapable, a position that is social, not biological, defines what a woman is.

是可以被强奸的,这一种社会性而非生物性的身份,定义了什么是女性。

—Catherine MacKinnon, Toward a Feminist Theory of the State (Harvard UP, 1989), p. 178

Philosophical Perspectives on Rape: A Selective Bibliography

Ding

Burgess-Jackson, Keith, ed. 1999. A Most Detestable Crime: New Philosophical Essays on Rape. New York: Oxford University Press.

———. 2000. “A Crime against Women: Calhoun on
the Wrongness of Rape.” Journal of Social Philosophy: 31 (3), 286–93. https://doi.org/10.1111/0047-2786.00046

Cudd, Ann E. 1990. “Enforced Pregnancy, Rape, and the Image of Woman.” Philosophical Studies 60 (1/2): 47–59. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00370976.

Haslanger, Sally. [1993] 2012. “On Being Objective and Being Objectified.” In her Resisting Reality: Social Construction and Social Critique, 35–82. New York: Oxford University Press.

MacKinnon, Catharine A. 1987. Feminism Unmodified: Discourses on Life and Law. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

———. 1989. “Rape: On Coercion and Consent.” In her Toward a Feminist Theory of the State, 171–83. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Mann, Bonnie. 2014. Sovereign Masculinity: Gender Lessons from the War on Terror. New York: Oxford University Press.

Nussbaum, Martha C. 1999. “American Women: Preferences, Feminism, Democracy.” In her Sex and Social Justice, 130–53. New York: Oxford University Press.

O’Neill, Onora. 1985. “Between Consenting Adults.” Philosophy & Public Affairs 14 (3): 252–77.

Thornton, M. T. 1982. “Rape and Mens Rea.” Canadian Journal of Philosophy 12 (sup1): 119–46. https://doi.org/10.1080/00455091.1982.10715826.

Young, Iris Marion. 1980. “Throwing like a Girl: A Phenomenology of Feminine Body Comportment Motility and Spatiality.” Human Studies 3 (1): 137–56. https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02331805.

———. 1990. “Five Faces of Oppression.” In her Justice and the Politics of Difference, 39–65. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.

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可是男人也可以被强奸,绵羊也可以被强奸,连大骡子大马都能被强奸呀。

Males can be raped as women.

Bogart, J. H. (1991). On the Nature of Rape. Public Affairs Quarterly , 5 (2), 117-136.

照这么说,可以认为被强奸的儿童或者成年男性,也被放入到社会性的女性角色中去?

儿童我不太确定,感觉恋童似乎是很sui generis的。将成年男性当作女性强奸,我觉得最典型的例子是狱警强奸囚犯,或者像权游里席恩逃跑以后被追兵捉住,追兵说要给他点颜色看看。这些强奸的意义与其说是满足强奸者自身的性欲,不如说是希冀通过权力+暴力的彰显,达到征服对方的目的。撕碎你的男子气概,让你像女人一样被操,类似于这种。

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性交配行为是不是都是侵犯与被侵犯?

对话题很感兴趣,就是在想这些问题的时候心里比较难受(;_