女性主义哲学入门阅读书目 v2

这份阅读书目是对两年前在知乎上整理的《女性主义哲学入门阅读》的整体翻新。

除了具体书目的改变外,最主要的改变是结构性的:现在这份书目更着重选择框架性的、基础性的书目,使读者能在更容易地 identify 自己想要深入探索的问题的同时知道相关的理论背景,达到「入门」的目的。

而至于说入「什么」们,也是需要解释的。这份阅读书目希望帮助读者入的门是分析哲学传统下的当代女性主义哲学。这意味着这里选择的书目会有很强的侧重(如像波伏娃的《第二性》、巴特勒的《性别麻烦》这样有很多人会认为是「必读」的女性主义书目就没有选择进来)。当然,对其它时期、其它传统以至其它学科下女性主义的了解都只会更有助于理解分析女性主义哲学。

一、女性主义政治哲学与伦理学

(1) 分析性别(不)正义

Marilyn Frye, “Oppression,” “Sexism,” and “The Problem that Has No Name,” in The Politics of Reality: Essays in Feminist Theory (Crossing Press, 1983).

Catharine MacKinnon, “Difference and Dominance: On Sex Discrimination,” in Feminism Unmodified: Discourses on Life and Law (Harvard University Press, 1987).

Catharine MacKinnon, “Consciousness Raising,” “Method and Politics,“ and “The Liberal State,” in ‌Toward a Feminist Theory of the State (Harvard University Press, 1989).

Susan Moller Okin, ‌Justice, Gender, and the Family (Basic Books, 1989). [注:从这里起,这部分所有的书目都需要对罗尔斯的粗略了解。]

Carole Pateman, “Contracting In,” “Patriarchal Confusions,” and “Contract, the Individual and Slavery,” in ‌The Sexual Contract (Stanford University Press, 1988).

Virginia Held, “Non-Contractual Society: A Feminist View,” ‌Canadian Journal of Philosophy, 1987.

Iris Marion Young, “Displacing the Distributive Paradigm,” “Five Faces of Oppression,” and “The Ideal of Impartiality and the Civic Public,” in ‌Justice and the Politics of Difference (Princeton University Press, 1990).

Martha Nussbaum, “Introduction: Feminism and International Development” and “In Defense of Universal Values,” in Women and Human Development: The Capabilities Approach (Cambridge University Press, 2000).

(2) 分析交叉性 (Intersectionality)

a. 性别与种族

bell hooks, Ain’t I a Woman: Black Women and Feminism (South End Press, 1981).

Kimberlé Crenshaw, “Demarginalizing the Intersection of Race and Sex: A Black Feminist Critique of Antidiscrimination Doctrine, Feminist Theory and Antiracist Politics,” University of Chicago Legal Forum, 1989.

Kimberlé Crenshaw, “Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence against Women of Colour,” ‌Stanford Law Review, 1991.

Patricia Hill Collins, “The Politics of Black Feminist Thought,” “Work, Family, and Black Women’s Oppression,” “Mammies, Matriarchs, and Other Controlling Images,” and “The Sexual Politics of Black Womanhood,” in Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness, and the Politics of Empowerment (Routledge, 2000).

b. 性别与性取向

Adrienne Rich, “Compulsory Heterosexuality and Lesbian Existence,” Signs, 1980.

MacKinnon, “Sexuality,” in Toward a Feminist Theory of the State (Harvard University Press, 1989).

Marilyn Frye, “Willful Virgin or Do You Have to Be a Lesbian to Be a Feminist?,” in Willful Virgin: Essays in Feminism, 1976-1992 (Crossing Press, 1992).

Cheshire Calhoun, “Separating Lesbian Theory from Feminist Theory,” Ethics, 1994.

c. 性别与性别认同

Talia Mae Bettcher, “Evil Deceivers and Make-Believers: On Transphobic Violence and the Politics of Illusion,” ‌Hypatia, 2007.

Talia Mae Bettcher, “Trans Identities and First-Person Authority,” in “You’ve Changed”: Sex Reassignment and Personal Identity, edited by Laurie J. Shrage (Oxford University Press, 2009).

Talia Mae Bettcher, “Trapped in the Wrong Theory: Rethinking Trans Oppression and Resistance,” Signs, 2014.

Rachel McKinnon, “Stereotype Threat and Attributional Ambiguity for Trans Women,” Hypatia, 2014.

Stephanie Julia Kapusta, “Misgendering and Its Moral Contestability,” Hypatia, 2016.

Florence Ashley, “Gatekeeping Hormone Replacement Therapy for Transgender Patients Is Dehumanising,” Journal of Medical Ethics, 2019.

d. Solidarity & Sisterhood

Audre Lorde, “The Master’s Tools Will Never Dismantle the Master’s House” and “Age, Race, Class, and Sex: Women Redefining Difference,” in Sister Outsider: Essays and Speeches (Crossing Press, 1984).

bell hooks, “Black Women: Shaping Feminist Theory,” “Feminism: A Movement to End Sexist Oppression” “The Significance of Feminist Movement,” and “Sisterhood: Political Solidarity Among Women,” in Feminist Theory: From Margin to Center (South End Press, 1984).

Marilyn Frye, “On Being White: Toward a Feminist Understanding of Race and Race Supremacy”, in The Politics of Reality: Essays in Feminist Theory (Crossing Press, 1983).

Marilyn Frye. “The Possibility of Feminist Theory” and “White Woman Feminist,” in Willful Virgin: Essays in Feminism, 1976-1992 (Crossing Press, 1992).

Iris Marion Young, “Gender as Seriality: Thinking about Women as a Social Collective,” Signs, 1994.

Cressida J. Heyes, “Feminist Solidarity after Queer Theory: The Case of Transgender,” Signs, 2003.

(3) 分析生育权利

Judith Jarvis Thomson, “A Defense of Abortion,” ‌Philosophy & Public Affairs, 1971.

Mary Anne Warren, “On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion,” The Monist, 1973.

Angela Davis, “Racism, Birth Control and Reproductive Rights,” in ‌Women, Race & Class (Random House, 1981).

Catharine MacKinnon, “Abortion: On Public and Private,” in ‌Toward a Feminist Theory of the State (Harvard University Press, 1989).

Susan Sherwin, “Abortion Through a Feminist Ethics Lens,” Dialogue, 1991.

Eva Feder Kittay, “Part II: Choosing Children and the Limits of Planning,” Learning from My Daughter: The Value and Care of Disabled Minds (Oxford University Press, 2019).

(4) 分析性别暴力

Catharine MacKinnon, “A Rally Against Rape” and “Sex and Violence: A Perspective,” in Feminism Unmodified: Discourses on Life and Law (Harvard University Press, 1987).

Catharine MacKinnon, “Rape: On Coercion and Consent,” in ‌Toward a Feminist Theory of the State (Harvard University Press, 1989).

Angela Davis, “Rape, Racism and the Myth of the Black Rapist,” in ‌Women, Race & Class (Random House, 1981).

Lois Pineau, “Date Rape: A Feminist Analysis,” ‌Law and Philosophy, 1989.

Michelle Anderson, “Negotiating Sex,” Southern California Law Review, 2005.

二、女性主义形而上学、认识论与科学哲学

(1) 分析性别 (Gender)

Sally Haslanger, “Ontology and Social Construction,” Philosophical Topics, 1995.

Sally Haslanger, “Gender and Race: (What) Are They? (What) Do We Want Them to Be?,” ‌Noûs, 2000.

Katharine Jenkins, “Amelioration and Inclusion: Gender Identity and the Concept of Woman,’’ Ethics, 2016.

Talia Mae Bettcher, “Trans Women and the Meaning of ‘Woman’,” in The Philosophy of Sex: Contemporary Readings (Sixth Edition), edited by Nicholas Power, Raja Halwani, and Alan Soble (Rowman & Littlefield, 2012).

Elizabeth Barnes, “Gender and Gender Terms,” Noûs, 2020.

(2) 分析性 (Sex)

Anne Fausto-Sterling, Sexing the Body: Gender Politics and the Construction of Sexuality (Basic Books, 2000).

Ásta, “The Metaphysics of Sex and Gender,” in Feminist Metaphysics: Explorations in the Ontology of Sex, Gender and the Self, edited by Charlotte Witt (Springer, 2011).

(3) 分析性取向

Robin Dembroff, “What Is Sexual Orientation?,” ‌Philosophers’ Imprint, 2016.

(4) 分析残障

Susan Wendell, “Who is Disabled? Defining Disability,” “The Social Construction of Disability,” and “Disability as Difference,” in ‌The Rejected Body: Feminist Philosophical Reflections on Disability (Routledge, 1996).

Elizabeth Barnes, The Minority Body: A Theory of Disability (Oxford University Press, 2016).

(5) 分析知识的不正义

Miranda Fricker, “Testimonial Injustice,” “Hermeneutical Injustice,” and “Conclusion,” in Epistemic Injustice: Power and the Ethics of Knowing (Oxford University Press, 2007).

Rachel McKinnon, “Allies Behaving Badly: Gaslighting as Epistemic Injustice,” The Routledge Handbook of Epistemic Injustice, edited by ByIan James Kidd, José Medina, Gaile Pohlhaus (Routledge, 2017).

(6) 分析知识与科学的(非)客观性

Alison Wylie, “Feminist Philosophy of Science: Standpoint Matters,” ‌Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association, 2012.

Helen E. Longino, “Can There Be A Feminist Science?,” ‌Hypatia, 1987.

Helen E. Longino, “Gender, Politics, and the Theoretical Virtues,” ‌Synthese, 1995.

Sandra Harding, “Rethinking Standpoint Epistemology: ‘What Is Strong Objectivity’?,” in Feminist Epistemologies, edited by Linda Alcoff and Elizabeth Potter (Routledge, 1993).

Louise M. Antony, “Quine as Feminist: The Radical Import of Naturalized Epistemology,” in A Mind of One’s Own: Feminist Essays on Reason and Objectivity, edited by Louise M. Antony and Charlotte E. Witt (Wesrview Press, 1993).

Sally Haslanger, “On Being Objective and Being Objectified,” in A Mind of One’s Own: Feminist Essays on Reason and Objectivity, edited by Louise M. Antony and Charlotte E. Witt (Wesrview Press, 1993).

Elizabeth Anderson, “Feminist Epistemology: An Interpretation and a Defense,” ‌Hypatia, 1995.

Kristen Intemann, “25 Years of Feminist Empiricism and Standpoint Theory: Where Are We Now?,” ‌Hypatia, 2010.

(7) 分析性别体验

Iris Marion Young, On Female Body Experience: Throwing Like a Girl’’ and Other Essays (Oxford University Press, 2005).

Jacob Hale, “Tracing a Ghostly Memory in My Throat: Reflections on Ftm Feminist Voice and Agency,” in You’ve Changed: Sex Reassignment and Personal Identity, edited by Laurie J. Shrage (Oxford University Press, 2009).

Kim Q. Hall, “Queer Breasted Experience,” in You’ve Changed: Sex Reassignment and Personal Identity, edited by Laurie J. Shrage (Oxford University Press, 2009).

Sara Heinämaa, “A Phenomenology of Sexual Difference: Types, Styles and Persons,” in ‌Feminist Metaphysics: Explorations in the Ontology of Sex, Gender and the Self, edited by Charlotte Witt (Springer, 2011).

Linda Alcoff, “Experience and Knowledge: The Case of Sexual Abuse Memories,” in ‌Feminist Metaphysics: Explorations in the Ontology of Sex, Gender and the Self, edited by Charlotte Witt (Springer, 2011).

Bonnie Mann, “Iris Marion Young: Between Phenomenology and Structural Injustice,” in ‌Dancing with Iris: The Philosophy of Iris Marion Young, edited by Ann Ferguson and Mechthild Nagel (Oxford University Press, 2009).

三、女性主义与哲学学界

Sally Haslanger, “Changing the Ideology and Culture of Philosophy: Not by Reason (Alone),” ‌Hypatia, 2008.

Cheshire Calhoun, “The Undergraduate Pipeline Problem,” Hypatia, 2009.

Katrina Hutchison and Fiona Jenkins, eds., Women in Philosophy: What Needs to Change? (Oxford University Press, 2013).

Robin Dembroff, “Cisgender Commonsense and Philosophy’s Transgender Trouble,” Transgender Studies Quarterly, 2020.

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